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From: Ray Burkholder (ray_at_[hidden])
Date: 2008-05-30 18:36:01
> >I havn't followed this whole thread, but I seem to recall that HDF5
> >supports MPI with Parallel HDF5.
> >Or does that not solve your requirements?
> Alas, Parallel HDF5 != concurrent file access. As I
> understand it, parallel HDF5 = cooperating threads within a
> process writing in parallel, and I need one process to write
> & others to monitor/display the data.
Coincidently on the HDF5 mail list today, here were a few possibly related
comments (one user indicates that they do simultaneous writes, which may or
may not be similar to what is needed here :
i've got an implementation which uses HL API and i run multiple writers and
possibly one reader. The writers go to the same os file but different hdf
in use case scenario, the reader and writer are operational on same hdf
asset at the same time. this reader is also written in a manner that if it
reaches EOF, then it'll wait sometime and then proceed reading.
all this is for win32/vc++... not sure if the same applies to *nix. and it
the only thing i needed to do was to enable multi-threading building of
HDF5 and HL. i think there is a link on how to do that... i believe one
need only define the symbol "H5_HAVE_THREADSAFE" and uncomment some
commented out lines in H5pubconf.h.
not sure that answers your questions... and... hope it helps.
Jason Sachs wrote:
> I was wondering where I could find some more technical details about
> concurrent reading/writing.
> The FAQ discusses it briefly
> It is possible for multiple processes to read an HDF5 file when it is
> being written to, and still read correct data. (The following steps
> should be followed, EVEN IF the dataset that is being written to is
> different than the datasets that are read.)
> Here's what needs to be done:
> * Call H5Fflush() from the writing process.
> * The writing process _must_ wait until either a copy of the file
> is made for the reading process, or the reading process is done
> accessing the file (so that more data isn't written to the file,
> giving the reader an inconsistent view of the file's state).
> * The reading process _must_ open the file (it cannot have the
> file open before the writing process flushes its information, or it
> runs the risk of having its data cached in memory being incorrect with
> respect to the state of the file) and read whatever information it wants.
> * The reading process must close the file.
> * The writing process may now proceed to write more data to the
> There must also be some mechanism for the writing process to signal
> the reading process that the file is ready for reading and some way
> for the reading process to signal the writing process that the file
> may be written to again.
> Could someone elaborate in a more technical manner? e.g. SWMR
> (single-writer multiple-reader) can occur if the following is true
> (not sure if I have this correct; I use "process" rather than
> "threads" here & am not sure if HDF5 in-memory caches have thread
> 1. At all times the file is in one of the following states:
> (a) unmodified
> (b) modified (written to, but not flushed)
> 2. In the unmodified state, zero or more processes may have the file
> open. No process may write to the data.
> 3. In the modified state, exactly one process may have the file open.
> This is the process that can write to it.
> 4. A successful transition from the unmodified state -> modified state
> takes place when exactly one process has the file open and begins
> writing to it.
> 5. A successful transition from the modified state -> unmodified state
> takes place when the process that has written to the file completes a
> successful call to H5Fflush().
> The facilities to ensure that only one process has the file open for
> (4) above are not provided by the HDF5 library and must be provided by
> OS-specific facilities e.g. mutexes/semaphores/messaging/etc.
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