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From: Costin Calisov (costin_at_[hidden])
Date: 2007-05-29 10:05:55

Hi all,

The question is why there is not a boost::final similar to

But first, let me tell you a little what I'm trying to achieve in my project
and what drive me to look for a boost::final class.

In my framework I have a class hierarchy for objects to be thrown.
Base exception class is not abstract, so I can throw either base
generalException or mathException (exception from math library) or
whatever special kind of exception.

To handle exception propagation from threads I decided to add clone
and throw methods to all the exception classes and now, it looks like
it makes sense to change generalException to declare abstract the clone
and throw methods and to allow throw only of concrete classes of exceptions.
So I got in the place where I need to block client libraries from defining
hierarchy like:

generalException >-- layerException >-- clientException

where they skip defining clone/throw in classes like clientException.

For this I was looking for a way to make classes like layerException
i.e. to disallow further inheritance from it, and comment out why I made it
While looking for a suitable solution I checked the boost thinking that as
there is the boos::noncopyable there must be also a boost::final or similar.
I've been surprised not to find it but I search further and came across 3
versions presented in C++ FAQ LITE:

Using upper link I got to the following implementation hoping I will be able
to create something like boos::noncopyable

//implementation of final utility class
class virt_final


class final : public virtual virt_final


//using of final utility class
class aFinalClass: private final


/*Uncomment the following is issuing a compiler error

class aClassThatShouldIssueCompileException: public aFinalClass


//testing a final class
int main()
aFinalClass a; //works fine
aFinalClass b(a); //error I can not understand
return 0;

Evything was working perfect until I got to the aFinalClass b(a); where
MSVC7/8 is unable to generate copy constructor for aFinalClass.
Getting up to here I start realized why there is no boost::final available.

But still I did not understand what is wrong with the code. Or is it a
problem? GCC compiles it nicely, so who is wrong?

Are there any other "standard" ways known to disallow inheriting from
the class except listed in the C++ FAQ LITE?


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