From: Joaquín Mª López Muñoz (joaquin_at_[hidden])
Date: 2007-12-11 12:17:10
David Abrahams ha escrito:
> on Sun Dec 09 2007, Ion GaztaÃ±aga <igaztanaga-AT-gmail.com> wrote:
> > 184.108.40.206 Exception safety guarantees [unord.req.except]
> > 1 For unordered associative containers, no clear() function throws an
> > exception. No erase() function throws an exception unless that exception
> > is thrown by the containerâs Hash or Pred object (if any).
> > Why this difference? I hope someone knows the answer ;-)
> Because unordered associative containers may rehash when erasing.
I think unordered containers are *not* allowed to rehash when erasing:
see N2461, 23.1.3/8
"...Rehashing invalidates iterators, changes ordering between elements,..."
"...The erase members shall invalidate only iterators and references
to the erased elements."
so the conclusion is that erase can't rehash (incidentally, the implications of
rehashing when erasing a range would be difficult to cope with).
The rationale IMHO behind allowing erase to let Hash or Pred throw is to
allow implementers to write iterators without bucket tracking --the bucket
is computed on the fly when needed, for instance when erasing.
Joaquín M López Muñoz
Telefónica, Investigación y Desarrollo
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