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Subject: Re: [boost] [system][filesystem v3] Question abouterror_codearguments
From: Gottlob Frege (gottlobfrege_at_[hidden])
Date: 2009-11-02 12:58:49

On Sun, Nov 1, 2009 at 6:03 PM, Domagoj Saric <dsaritz_at_[hidden]> wrote:
> "Gottlob Frege" <gottlobfrege_at_[hidden]> wrote in message
>> On Wed, Oct 28, 2009 at 6:46 PM, Domagoj Saric <dsaritz_at_[hidden]> wrote:
>>> i mentioned the latter 'issue' already in the first post...
>>> generally both points seem to me like non-issues because they cannot become
>>> issues unintentionally...
>>> both can come into play _only_ if the user converts the temporary return
>>> object
>>> into a local scoped object/variable...which, as far as i know, you cannot do
>>> 'by accident'/ have to be verbose about it...(although,
>>> ironically the new auto makes it easier for you to do "the wrong
>>> thing"...but
>>> still not easy enough that you can do it by a 'non conscious mistake')...
>> bool diff(file srcA, file srcB, file output)
>> {
>>   // get our files ready...
>>   error_code srcA_err = file_open(srcA);
>>   error_code srcB_err = file_open(srcB);
>>   error_code out_err = file_open(output);
>>   if (srcA_err || srcB_err || out_err) // check for errors
>>      return false;
>>   // do the diff...
>>   return true;
>> }
> true...a good "find" ;)
> sure we could argue that this is "non-idiomatic" usage...but still, as you
> said, it is not "completely unreasonable" so it should also work correctly...
> there are two ways we could achieve this:
> is to "smarten" the do_throw() function (i wrote about in other posts)
> to first do the "if( !std::uncaught_exception() )" check before doing the
> actual throw (this is, imho, safe and "non-evil" which i shall argue in a
> response to emil)...

bool copy(file dest, file src)
   error_code errSrc = open(src);
   error_code errDst = create(dest);

   if (errSrc || errDst)
      return false;

   return true;

In this case, we are not throwing during exception unwinding, but if
errSrc is true, errDst is NOT checked, and thus throws. Should it?

I think, at best, a smart_err_code should just assert() in debug only.
 ie check to make sure errors are being checked -> ie check for
programmer error.

As for throwing or not, lean towards throwing, supply both when there
is good reason.

I think throwing needs to become more common, particularly with
multi-threading, because you can't necessarily check pre-conditions
anymore - the preconditions might not last long enough for the
function call. Even for file functions:

if (!exists(file)) // check precondition
   create(file); // yet this throws "already exists"


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