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Subject: Re: [boost] [transact] transaction language macros (was: Re: [transact] code in sandbox)
From: vicente.botet (vicente.botet_at_[hidden])
Date: 2010-02-21 15:46:34

----- Original Message -----
From: <strasser_at_[hidden]>
To: <boost_at_[hidden]>
Sent: Sunday, February 21, 2010 8:34 PM
Subject: Re: [boost] [transact] transaction language macros (was: Re: [transact] code in sandbox)

> Zitat von "vicente.botet" <vicente.botet_at_[hidden]>:
>>>> I would prefer the transaction be available on retry. Of courset,
>>>> this need to have a restart function.
>>> to me this seems similar to
>>> if(int v=f()){
>>> //...
>>> }else{
>>> //v is not in available here.
>>> }
>>> since the retry{} clause is syntactically a new scope.
>> You are wrong here. The variable v is accesible on the else part.
> oh. I guess that also means that if "v" has a destructor it is called
> at the end of the else-clause.
> so if this is a correct parallel the transaction should indeed be
> destructed at the end of the retry-clause.
> we can achieve that by moving the declaration of basic_transaction one
> line to the top, above "try{".
> but this still doesn't mean that stm::set_priority has anything to
> work with in the retry{} clause. (other than setting the priority of a
> transaction that is destructed shortly thereafter)

I agree this doesn't means that the transaction can not be removed shortly thereafter, but neither the oposite, that is that the transaction will be destructed shortly thereafter. The transaction could be reused if the implementation is improved. I have already, as I showed in a previous mail, moved the transaction declaration out of the try, so the transaction out leaves the retry, and the internal loop.

    bool __stop = false;
    boost::stm::detail::control_flow __ctrl;
    do {
*** boost::stm::transaction __TX;
            bool __catched=false;
>>> this can not happen. see the call to nullify(). the whole lifetime of
>>> commit_on_destruction is wrapped in a try{} clause. if it throws,
>>> commit_on_destruction is nullified.
>>> so ~commit_on_destruction does not throw if the scope is exited by
>>> exception, and I see no problem with throwing from a destructor
>>> otherwise, not even in the case the macros are used in user's
>>> destructors.
>>> am I missing something?
>> Yes. In your code the try wrapping the commit_on_destruction
>> variable doesn't nullify the variable as it is out of scope. See (1)
>> and (2)
> could you elaborate? I don't see anything wrong.
> commit_on_destruction::~commit_on_destruction can throw, but ONLY if
> the user did not. so how can it happen that an exception is thrown
> during exception unwinding that leads to abort()?

You are right, the ~commit_on_destruction doesn't commits when called during exception unwinding as the catch nullify the commit_on_destruction variable. :(

>> I find quite clear the pseudo-code . I was just saying that it would
>> be great to have something like that in C++. Templates work with
>> Types, variables and constants, but don't allows to pass code as
>> parameters.
> I looked up c++0x lambda expressions a while ago, which are supposed
> to allow passing code, but I'd still prefer macros.
> with c++0x lambdas it would look something like
> transaction([](){
> //user code
> },[](){
> //code on retry
> });

lambda expressions have function scope, so can not be used if the inner code use cotrol flow statement out of like break, continuer, goto ot return.
>> Option a) has no sens, has the user is not aware of an internal loop.
>> There is a difference between breaking in the transaction block and
>> breaking on the retry block.
>> Breaking the loop on the the transaction block is expected to
>> succeed the transaction.
>> The retry block is here to repare the fact the transaction is
>> isolated. If the user doesn't reach to repare maybe the solution is
>> to throw the isolation_exception.
>> Maybe asserting that there are no break/continue will be a good thing.
> I agree in principle, it doesn't make much sense to break from there.
> why would the user want to exit the scope in the same path as if the
> transactino succeeded.
> but I think, if he does, breaking from the user loop is expected behaviour.
> take e.g. a try catch block:
> for(...){
> try{
> //...
> }catch(...){
> break;
> }
> }
> does the "break" make sense? hardly. why would you continue with the
> application as if the whole loop succeeded. but you still expect it to
> work. I'm not trying to encourage use of "break" there, but if you use
> it I think you'd expect it to work, not raise an assertion. agreed?

As I said already
>> Maybe asserting that there are no break/continue will be a good thing.
That is, I prefer option c)
>>> on a related note, I think it should not be possible to rethrow from a
>>> retry{} clause:
>> Why?
> because the user isn't even aware that an exception was thrown. from
> his viewpoint, we could have implemented the whole thing with
> if(!tx.commit()){
> //user's retry code
> }
>> I would like the following:
>> begin_transaction{
>> //...
>> }retry{
>> if(retries++ == 5) throw;
>> }end_retry;
> what's wrong with explicitely stating the type of exception he wants
> to throw, instead of rethrowing an exception, even though there is no
> "catch" clause visible?

If the user throws its own exception , s/he will need to catch it and do a specific action. If the exception is an isolation_exception, this exception will be catched by the outer transaction implicitly.

As I have said
> We can state that when the user is on the retry block there is an exception that allows her/him to exit from the retry by rethrowing this exception.
At the end we are hanling an exceptional case, the transaction has been aborted. I find the best way to notify exceptional cases in C++ is a exception, so I don't think the user will be surprised by this fact. Are you?

For me retry is synomym of catch the transaction has been aborted.

If we can't agree on this, I would like that the library provides a macro to abort completly the current transaction.


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