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Subject: Re: [boost] [Proto][Phoenix] Use default transform with SFINAE for expressions?
From: Daniel Walker (daniel.j.walker_at_[hidden])
Date: 2010-09-12 16:04:52

On Sun, Sep 12, 2010 at 8:11 AM, Mathias Gaunard
<mathias.gaunard_at_[hidden]> wrote:
> On 12/09/2010 09:18, Thomas Heller wrote:
>> My take would be to use boost::result_of<Expr(T1, T2, ...)>::type before
>> calling the phoenix expression and use SFINAE here.
> I don't understand what you mean, and how that would help at all.
> What needs to be in an SFINAE context, here, is something of the kind
> decltype(make_mutable<T0>() << make_mutable<T1>()), with T0 and T1 template
> parameters.

I'm not sure if this could work. The C++0x draft is pretty specific
about the context in which substitution failure is allowed, namely,
it's only allowed in the immediate context of the function and not as
a side effect of instantiating a template (such as a Proto class).
Here's the relevant language from 14.8.2.

"Only invalid types and expressions in the immediate context of the
function type and its template parameter types can result in a
deduction failure. [ Note: The evaluation of the substituted types and
expressions can result in side effects such as the instantiation of
class template specializations and/or function template
specializations, the generation of implicitly-defined functions, etc.
Such side effects are not in the “immediate context” and can result in
the program being ill-formed. — end note ]"

However, I just checked, and I was pleased to find that gcc 4.5 is now
accepting some SFINAE for expressions.

typedef char (&pass)[1];
typedef char (&fail)[2];

template<class T>
fail has_addition(...);

template<class T>
pass has_addition(decltype(T() + T())*);

struct S { };

int main()
        sizeof(has_addition<int>(0)) == sizeof(pass)
      , "unexpected substitution failure"
        sizeof(has_addition<S>(0)) == sizeof(fail)
      , "unexpected substitution success"

I think this method could be developed, eventually, to enable rich,
expression-based introspection of types.

Daniel Walker

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