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Subject: [boost] Thread (win32) and current_thread_tls_key issues
From: Pekka Seppänen (pekka.seppanen_at_[hidden])
Date: 2012-07-02 04:50:06


Currently Threads's Win32 TLS implementation uses a global static variable
thread::current_thread_tls_key that is defined in src/win32/thread.cpp. As you
may know, static variables have a tendency of not being allocated in a very
specific order.

Say, that you have a statically allocated class A that ends up calling
thread::set_current_thread_data() (eg. uses thread::thread_specific_ptr). If
compiler initializes this class before it initializes current_thread_tls_key
(this did happen to me on MSVC9) things go boom:

        a) Compiler initializes class A, thread::set_current_thread_data() is called,
thread::create_current_thread_tls_key() is called once (as expected) and
::TlsAlloc() result is stored to thread::current_thread_tls_key.

        b) Compiler initializes thread::current_thread_tls_key, TLS_OUT_OF_INDEXES is
stored and, as you may guess,

        c) Any following thread::set_current_thread_data calls will fail as the
proper result from ::TlsAlloc() was overwritten.

Don't know why this haven't happened before, as previous versions use a static
variable, too. Maybe some compilers (MSVC in this case) omit initialization
code unless initial value is a non-zero (as with TLS_OUT_OF_INDEXES
[0xffffffff] in this case) value.

I propose that thread::current_thread_tls_key is moved to a static function
that sole purpose is to return reference to that variable (and thus ensure
that current_thread_tls_key is initialized before it is used for the first
time). Also, move thread::current_thread_tls_init_flag to
thread::set_current_thread_data() to make sure this won't happen to that, too.

Attached a patch that does the above trick (did move TLS_OUT_OF_INDEXES back
to a macro as otherwise the code got too cumbersome, does get undef'd unless
it was already defined by Winapi). If you like it, I can submit a ticket to
Trac that includes the patch.

(Haven't looked what happens during destruction, but guess it's not safe to
use TLS features thru Thread.)

-- Pekka

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