Subject: Re: [boost] [chrono/date] class names
From: Vicente J. Botet Escriba (vicente.botet_at_[hidden])
Date: 2013-05-13 02:54:54
Le 13/05/13 03:33, Howard Hinnant a écrit :
> On May 11, 2013, at 7:13 PM, Vicente J. Botet Escriba <vicente.botet_at_[hidden]> wrote:
>> What do you think to using namespaces instead of prefixes?
>> This will allow to have checked and unchecked unit specifiers as well.
>> using chrono::checked;
>> serial_date dt = may/11/year(2013);
>> using chrono::unchecked;
>> serial_date dt = may/11/year(2013);
> This is an interesting idea. However I'm having serious doubts that we want duplicate checked and unchecked API's.
I have also doubts. I see one advantage: in case the validation checks
are not supportable by the user he can move easily to unchecked date
> My 2011 chrono paper clearly got checked API's wrong, at least in the implementation. There was way too much redundant checking going on. There was not enough attention paid to the issue of reducing redundant validation.
> N3344 rightly pointed out the performance issues with my work.
> That being said, I now think it is quite possible that N3344 came to a few incorrect conclusions. I think we need to aggressively investigate the possibility of just having:
> checked field types
> unchecked serial types
N3344 signal already that there were already redundant validation. The
no_check parameter I and you introduced was there to avoid this redundancy.
> If we give up checking on range, the unchecked and checked serial types are the exact same thing. This is what chrono::duration and chrono::time_point do.
Agreed for serial dates. I have some concerns. Does it means that the
range of dates doesn't depend on the range on year? Or that the range on
year must be large enough to represent the same date? How to ensure that
both would be able to represent the same dates?
> With constexpr as a tool in the toolbox, and with careful thought to avoid redundant validation, checked field types seem very affordable performance wise. And the simplicity gained by not having checked and unchecked field types that are identical in API and nearly identical in performance is extremely compelling. More work needs to be done to ensure that this is indeed a viable approach. However the payoff is huge, and thus worth investigating.
> N3344 benchmarks:
> 3.3.1 Creators:
>> This benchmark creates date objects in a loop, repeatedly creating three fixed date values: 2000/1/1, 2000/12/31, and 2009/5/1.
>> The objective of this benchmark is to measure the performance of the value constructor of each date implementation.
> With the use of constexpr, the validation checking for this benchmark is completely done at compile time. I admit that the benchmark needs to be improved so that it would actually measure the intended cost of conversion from run-time field information to a serial date. But my point is that this effort was not done in N3344, quite likely due to lack of constexpr-enabled compilers.
I agree. constexpr allows to validate the fields at compile time. What
we have observed is that forced inline is a must for run-rime field
validation. What I mean is that without constexpr and forced inline we
can get already almost the same results.
> 3.3.2 Accessors
>> This benchmark repeatedly extracts the year, month, and day from a constant date object having the value 2001/1/1, by invoking the year, month, and day accessors.
> Again, this benchmark is all compile-time validation and computation.
Evidently the benchmark need to be completed with run-time dates.
> 3.3.3 Increase Day
>> This benchmark repeatedly advances a date object by one day, starting from date 1/1/1 and incre- menting 3652061 times.
> For a serial date type, such as chrono::time_point with a period of days, this is the exact same expense as integral increment.
> 3.3.4 Increase Month
>> This benchmark repeatedly advances a date object by one month, starting from date 1/1/1 up to the year 9000.
> This still needs work, however I have confidence that all validation can be removed from a checked field type for this benchmark. The initial date is constexpr'd valid, and adding n months to this date is compile-time-provable valid.
I don't understand what you mean.
> 3.3.5 Array Sorting
> No validation issues.
> 3.3.6 Modified Following
> This is the most interesting benchmark. This is where we should really be performance testing checked vs unchecked types. I strongly suspect that with checked field types and unchecked serial types, this benchmark will not motivate the need for unchecked field types nor checked serial types. But this is work in progress.
> 3.3.7 Packed Calendar
> Needs more investigation with respect to performance. I strongly suspect that with checked field types and unchecked serial types, this benchmark will not motivate the need for unchecked field types nor checked serial types. But this is work in progress.
> One of the conclusions that I feel N3344 got very right, but with the wrong syntax is this member function of date:
> void get_yearmonthday(int *year, int *month, int *day) const;
> N3344 is biased towards "date" being a serial date type. And the above suggested member is much better expressed as a conversion from the serial date type to the field date types.
I suspect that N3344 didn't wanted to propose two date to the C++
standard, so the interface was there to allow the conversion efficiently.
I hope that we all admit now (at least on this ML) that having two date
classes is better than having only one.
> Bottom line: N3344 has some very valid criticisms. But we should not limit ourselves to addressing those criticisms in exactly the way N3344 suggests. There are other (and I think better) possibilities. And I really dislike the checked/unchecked interfaces when the performance difference between the two is only a few percent (more work needed to absolutely nail down that this is in fact the case).
This is what we are doing, we are exploring the possibilities, isn't it?
In addition, we want the checked interface to be not more difficult to
use than the unchecked one (if at the end needed).
Using the namespace would allow to move the whole checked interface to
std::chrono and let the unchecked on a specific std::chrono::unchecked.
But If IIUC, before proposing both interfaces we need first to probe
that no validation check provides enough gain, or the opposite.
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