[Boost-bugs] [Boost C++ Libraries] #5170: Some local functions have external linkage

Subject: [Boost-bugs] [Boost C++ Libraries] #5170: Some local functions have external linkage
From: Boost C++ Libraries (noreply_at_[hidden])
Date: 2011-02-08 17:30:06

#5170: Some local functions have external linkage
 Reporter: Luke Moore <luke.moore@…> | Owner: anthonyw
     Type: Bugs | Status: new
Milestone: To Be Determined | Component: thread
  Version: Boost Development Trunk | Severity: Problem
 Keywords: |
 The thread_proxy and tls_destructor functions in
 libs/thread/src/pthread/thread.cpp have external linkage (the symbols are
 exported in the final library). However, these functions are only
 intended for use inside this compilation unit. Similar functions in
 once.cpp also have unintended external linkage, and potentially others in
 other areas of boost.

 A consequence of these symbols being visible is that it's hard to use two
 different versions of boost.Thread in the same binary, even when one of
 the versions of boost has been wrapped in a namespace to avoid name
 collisions. The name collisions still occur for thread_proxy,
 tls_destructor, and the others because they are declared as extern "C", so
 their names are not mangled.

 It may seem unusual to attempt to use two different versions of boost in
 the same program, but it is a scenario our customers are running into more
 and more often and I'd like to give some explanation of why it happens.
 As more development projects start to use boost, more libraries start to
 link against it. A program that attempts to use multiple of those
 libraries won't work if they use different versions of boost. When one or
 more of these libraries is available in binary form and not source form,
 it is difficult to ensure the boost versions match. As a result, our
 customers attempt to version boost's symbols themselves for the boost
 version they use by compiling a version of boost wrapped in a namespace.
 Unfortunately, symbols from extern "C" functions are not versioned.

 The thread_proxy, tls_destructor, etc., functions in question need to be
 declared as extern "C" since they are passed as callbacks into the
 pthreads library, and the calling conventions for C and C++ may differ on
 some platforms (http://lists.boost.org/Archives/boost/2011/01/175910.php).

 Prior to revision 40424, these functions were declared as static.
 However, in revision 40424 the static specifier was removed and they were
 put inside an unnamed namespace. However, despite the claim at
 -callbacks-to-c-functions that "[the extern "C" function] is in an unnamed
 namespace, and not accessible outside the translation unit.", these
 functions do have external linkage, at least on g++ Linux systems. The
 bug at http://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=28409 mentions that
 "extern C should make the function have external linkage in the object
 file. Namespaces have no impact on extern "C" functions, except from the
 point of view of lexical scoping", and this can be confirmed by looking
 for thread_proxy in the output of nm -D.

 It it possible to please add back the static specifier to the extern "C"
 functions in question? Attached is a patch file showing the proposed

Ticket URL: <https://svn.boost.org/trac/boost/ticket/5170>
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