Re: [Boost-bugs] [Boost C++ Libraries] #11968: Undefined behavior in `boost::lockfree::queue`: nodes are always misaligned

Subject: Re: [Boost-bugs] [Boost C++ Libraries] #11968: Undefined behavior in `boost::lockfree::queue`: nodes are always misaligned
From: Boost C++ Libraries (noreply_at_[hidden])
Date: 2016-08-09 09:43:02

#11968: Undefined behavior in `boost::lockfree::queue`: nodes are always misaligned
  Reporter: yury.zaytsev@… | Owner: timblechmann
      Type: Bugs | Status: new
 Milestone: To Be Determined | Component: lockfree
   Version: Boost Development Trunk | Severity: Showstopper
Resolution: | Keywords:

Comment (by yury.zaytsev@…):

 Hi Tim,

 This is to let you know that the problem is actually much more serious
 than I've originally thought: as it turns out, the unfortunate interaction
 of this bug with atomic libcall emission strategy in clang++-3.8 causes
 the latter to generate libcalls to `libatomic` for accesses to the
 lockfree queues, which is annoying (you have to manually link against
 `libatomic`) and might possibly lead to crashes in combination with other

 I was able to reproduce libcall emission in the minimal example above, but
 not the crashes, however, I've seen the crashes in our production code.
 They might be caused by the interplay of the general insanity of our code
 with this particular problem, but if it crashes for us, then it can
 possibly crash for others.

 Anyways, my understanding is that as clang sees that your nodes can't
 possibly be correctly aligned as requested, it errs at the side of caution
 and generates libcalls to `libatomic` functions (i.e. `__atomic_store_4`,
 etc.) instead sticking to the atomic ops on x86, even though the latter
 would still work, only with a performance penalty, unlike on some other
 arches such as ARM.

 Contrarily to this clang-3.8 behavior, gcc 6.1 generates atomic ops in
 this case, probably because it knows that they would still work on x86, or
 maybe I'm overestimating its intelligence and it simply doesn't care, but
 anyhow our code works just fine.

 If you want to reproduce it, then compile the minimal example above with
 gcc & clang against Boost 1.61 and search for (1) libcalls
 (`__atomic_...`) and (2) atomic ops (`lock ...`):

 {g++-6,clang++-3.8} -S -o lockfree.asm -std=c++14 -O3 -march=native

 Now, the funny thing is that I've discovered that accidentally the
 following commit fixes the issue for me:

 Unfortunately, it seems that it's only going to make it in Boost 1.62.
 However, I have discovered a workaround for Boost 1.61: if one forces the
 use of Boost.Atomic instead of `std::atomic`, then `clang++-3.8` doesn't
 emit the libcalls anymore and sticks to the atomic ops!

 P.S. The moral of this story: check your code with anything you might get
 your hands on (tests, various compilers, static analyzers, instrumentation
 systems, etc.) and don't ignore the problems that they are reporting!

 Hope that helps,


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