Boost logo

Boost Users :

From: Peter Dimov (pdimov_at_[hidden])
Date: 2003-11-17 08:26:14

Mark A. Gibbs wrote:
> I have a couple of questions about combining smart pointers and STL
> allocators.
> First of all, am I right in assuming that I can use the shared_*
> templates right out of the box, as long as I define a custom deleter
> that uses the allocator's deallocate function?
> But if that's so, how exactly is it done? Part of my confusion comes
> from the fact that the STL allocator documentation I've come across
> isn't exactly clear on the semantics of allocators (I don't have a
> copy of the standard). For instance, I'm not 100% sure whether or not
> I have to call construct() after allocate() and destroy() before
> deallocate().

Yes, you have to. allocate() gives you raw memory with the correct size and
alignment, but there is no object in it. To create the object in that
memory, you need to construct() it. Similarly, destroy() invokes the
destructor and deallocate() only, well, deallocates.

> This is what I have so far:
> class allocator_helper
> {
> public:
> allocator_helper(allocator_type& a) : a_(a)
> {}
> void operator()(void const* p) const
> {
> a_.deallocate(static_cast<allocator_type::pointer>(p));
> }

This should probably be

     void operator()(allocator_type::pointer p) const
        a_.deallocate(p, 1);

> private:
> allocator_type& a_;
> };
> foo* bar = static_cast<foo*>(get_allocator().allocate(1));

    new(bar) foo(args);


    get_allocator().construct(bar, foo(args));

> shared_ptr<foo> p_foo(bar, allocator_helper(get_allocator()));
> foo* baz = static_cast<foo*>(get_allocator().allocate(10));
> shared_array<foo> p_foo(baz, allocator_helper(get_allocator()));
> Now, for scoped_* I would probably have to rewrite them to use the
> allocator, right? Or is there a way to use allocators with the
> existing scoped_* templates?

No, scoped_* do not support allocators. Since they match raw pointers in
size, they can keep no additional state such as an instance of, or a
reference to, an allocator.

Boost-users list run by williamkempf at, kalb at, bjorn.karlsson at, gregod at, wekempf at