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From: Alexander Terekhov (terekhov_at_[hidden])
Date: 2005-04-04 08:03:12

Alexander Terekhov wrote:
> Peter Dimov wrote:
> [...]
> > If you are interested, please take a look at the file
> Looks correct, but sill not quite optimal to my taste.
> A) There's no need to hinder compiler's ability to cache/reorder
> across increments. So you need neither __volatile__ nor "memory"
> clobber in increments case (lock prefix is still needed to ensure
> MP safety of competing read-modify-write operations).
> B) Something branchless is better for unconditional increments.

And unconditional decrements of use_count. I think that "lock
inc" without __volatile__ and "memory" clobber for increments,
and "lock dec" with __volatile__ and "memory" clobber for
decrements of use_count, is the most optimal.

> C) In the case of decrements on weak_count, there's no need to
> make all clients pay the price of rather expensive interlocked
> operation even if they don't use weak pointers. I'd use "may
> not store zero" decrement. You'll need __volatile__ and "memory"
> as compiler fence, and as for hardware, that initial load does
> have acquire semantics and lock cmpxchg does have "msync::hsb"
> which we need here.

It's probably better to get rid of cmpxchg loop for weak_count
decrements as well. Just do load, compare it with 1, and (if !ZF)
"lock dec" it (all inside one __asm__ __volatile__ with "memory"
clobber). So now it's safe to get rid of __volatile__ and "memory"
clobber for conditional increment in add_ref_lock() using "lock

> [...]
> > thanks to Alexander Terekhov
> Thanks to you for helping me to identify the problem with lock()
> (lack of inter-thread ordering with respect to that access and
> destruction of control block when the object is expired) in my
> original sketch.
> regards,
> alexander.
> P.S. When are you going to kick start an incarnation for Itanic
> with value dependent cmpxchg.rel-vs-cmpxchg.acq? ;-)

and mere {re-}load.acq instead of load->cmpxchg.acq (when count
value == 1) in weak_release() with cmpxchg.acq in add_ref_lock().


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