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From: Jorge Lodos (lodos_at_[hidden])
Date: 2007-03-16 11:33:30

Sebastian Redl wrote:
> Rene Rivera wrote:
> > Thorsten Ottosen wrote:
> >
> >> Portability is another reason to go away from sql queries
> as strings.
> >>
> >
> > Since SQL is a standard language I don't see how using it
> in strings
> > makes it non-portable. Could you explain you reasoning?
> >
> Different DBs actually use different "dialects" of SQL. There
> is a subset of SQL that can be used pretty portably, but also
> a large amount of stuff that can't.
> Example: quoting. Postgres (and I think Oracle) use single
> quotes for strings, double quotes for identifiers. MySQL uses
> either double or single quotes for strings and backticks for
> identifiers. MSSQL uses single quotes for strings (not sure
> about double) and square brackets for identifiers. Also,
> embedded quotes are escaped by a backslash in some systems,
> by a double quote in others.
> Data types have subtly different names. Oracle discourages
> the use of the standard VARCHAR in favour of their own
> VARCHAR2, even though they're aliases. ("But they might not
> be in the future!") DDL is very poor in terms of standard
> support. Table definitions can differ quite significantly
> between databases.
> Hibernate solves this problem by having a "Dialect" class for
> every database. This class is responsible for generating the
> DB-specific SQL.

Security is another reason to go away from sql queries as strings.
Prevent SQL injection attacks.

Best regards

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