Boost logo

Boost :

Subject: Re: [boost] sqlpp11: SQL for C++
From: Larry Evans (cppljevans_at_[hidden])
Date: 2013-11-11 15:14:41

On 11/11/13 13:35, Abel Sinkovics wrote:
> Hi Roland,
> On 2013-11-09 23:58, Roland Bock wrote:
>> On 2013-11-09 23:03, Michael Marcin wrote:
>>> On 11/9/2013 4:03 PM, Roland Bock wrote:
>>>> Please let me know your questions/thoughts/suggestions/rants.
>>>> Contributions welcome, of course :-)
>>> Could you compare your library with SOCI?
>> I consider SOCI to be a string and position based approach, meaning that
>> you (as a library user) have to use strings to construct your queries
>> and positions to extract results. Here is one of SOCI's introductory
>> examples:
>> // ------------------------
>> int id = 17;
>> string name;
>> int salary;
>> sql << "select name, salary from persons where id = " << id,
>> into(name), into(salary);
>> // ------------------------
>> In sqlpp11 this would read something like this
>> // ---------------------
>> auto result =,
>> persons.salary).from(persons).where( == 17));
>> if (!result.empty())
>> {
>> const auto row = result.front();
>> std::string name =;
>> int salary = row.salary;
>> }
>> // ---------------------
>> Notice that there are no strings being used in the sqlpp11 code at all.
>> The compiler can see and check the syntax of your query. If you mistype
>> anything, or if you compare apples and oranges (e.g. a text column and
>> an int), or if you forget the 'from' before the 'where' for instance, it
>> will let you know with compile errors.
>> Also, it is much harder to mix up stuff in the results. Imagine a
>> slightly larger list of columns being selected. With SOCI you need to
>> keep the "select a, b, c, d" in sync with the into(a), into(b), into(c),
>> into(d)
>> sqlpp11 takes care of this responsibility for you and gives you rows
>> with appropriately named and typed member variables. It is much harder
>> to use those the wrong way without the compiler yelling at you.
> There is a library (Metaparse) which supports creating a string-based
> interface for libraries which is processed at compile-time. It could be
> used to provide a string-based interface. For example instead of this:
> auto result =,
> persons.salary).from(persons).where( == 17));
> Your library could have the following interface:
> auto result ="select name,salary from persons where id=17"));
> The string could be parsed by a template metaprogram and the right
> classes could be built out of it. It could provide all the static
> guarantees you have described above.

Guessing from code here:

The sql string written to oss would be something like the argument
to your QUERY function. IOW, IIUC, there's no need for parsing a
string to build the right classes.

OTOH, the string passed to the actual database (via the db
on select.h#L574) would have to be parsed, I assume, by dbms, which
might issue some error message or return some error code if the
sql string were not right. I think Roland's code almost guarantee's
the sql string would be correct.

Is that about right Roland?

Boost list run by bdawes at, gregod at, cpdaniel at, john at