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Subject: Re: [boost] [variant] match()
From: Vicente J. Botet Escriba (vicente.botet_at_[hidden])
Date: 2015-01-09 00:10:22

Le 07/01/15 20:14, Matt Calabrese a écrit :
> On Wed, Jan 7, 2015 at 10:48 AM, Peter Dimov <lists_at_[hidden]> wrote:
>> Matt Calabrese wrote:
>>> The main limitation of this approach is that overloads must copy/move the
>>> passed-in function objects. I.E. there is no known tie_overloads that would
>>> be able to exhibit the same behavior.
>> Hmm. If you had a reference_wrapper<F> which SFINAEd its operator() on
>> whether F::operator() compiles, could you not then pack those reference
>> wrappers into an overloads object?
> Unfortunately, no, because at that point you've "flattened" the operator()
> to having all template parameters. Overload resolution would no longer be
> able to produce better or worse matches when one or more of the passed-in
> function objects are callable. For instance, if you pass in tie_overloads(
> [](int a) {}, [](auto a) ) to apply_visitor, if the variant contained an
> "int" then the function call would actually be ambiguous rather than
> preferring the int overload since both overloads are callable and now just
> have template parameters as arguments. I've put a lot of thought (on/off
> for years) into trying to come up with a tie_overloads that actually works
> precisely as an overload set and I'm reasonably certain that it cannot be
> done, but I am unable to say that for certain.
> On the plus side, I've never actually found the lack of a tie_overloads to
> be a problem, since in times that I've personally wanted it it's been easy
> to manually make a reference-semantic function object at the call-site via
> lambdas. The main difficulty is that this just can't be done automatically
> inside of generic code, so the value-semantics of the function object
> passing sometimes bleeds out to the user a little bit in generic code (the
> user just needs to be aware the function objects are copied/moved in). In
> practice this isn't much of a problem since standard library algorithms
> take function objects by value anyway and so people are familiar with those
> semantics.
>> And on another note, even if we had the overloads() function template, it
>> would still make sense to me to have something like match( ... ) that is
>> just an alias for apply_visitor( overloads( ... ) ). I would even make it a
>> member, in which case it would probably be more properly called 'apply'.
>> :-)
> True. There is also one thing that I do like about match -- it's possible
> to make one that requires an /exact/ match (I.E. in places where you want
> to handle each case individually and don't want overload resolution, more
> similar to a type switch). So both match (generalized for the n-ary case)
> and overloads still seem useful in different scenarios. I know another
> booster on this list has implemented this, though I don't think it's been
> posted.

I have started two separated C++ proposals for overload [1] and match [2]

In case some have suggestions for improving them,


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