Boost logo

Boost Users :

From: Stefano Gragnani (stefano.gragnani_at_[hidden])
Date: 2021-07-21 15:56:21

ok things are better but i still get errors:

> Executing task: g++-11 -g -I/usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/include/ -I/usr/local/include/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/lib/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/gcc/11.1.0_1/lib/gcc/11/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/gmp/6.2.1/lib/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/mpfr/4.1.0/lib/ -std=gnu++20 -lmpfr -lgmp -lquadmath -lboost_system -lboost_filesystem '-fext-numeric-literals' float128_example.cpp -o main <

float128_example.cpp: In function 'int main()':
float128_example.cpp:186:20: error: call of overloaded 'exp(__float128)' is ambiguous
  186 | float128 e1 = exp(1.Q); // Note argument to exp is type float128.
      | ~~~^~~~~
In file included from /usr/local/Cellar/gcc/11.1.0_1/include/c++/11.1.0/cmath:45,
                 from /usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/include/boost/config/no_tr1/cmath.hpp:21,
                 from /usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/include/boost/math/tools/config.hpp:19,
                 from /usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/include/boost/math/cstdfloat/cstdfloat_types.hpp:18,
                 from /usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/include/boost/cstdfloat.hpp:18,
                 from float128_example.cpp:19:
/usr/local/Cellar/gcc/11.1.0_1/lib/gcc/11/gcc/x86_64-apple-darwin20/11.1.0/include-fixed/math.h:376:15: note: candidate: 'double exp(double)'
  376 | extern double exp(double);
      | ^~~
In file included from /usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/include/boost/config/no_tr1/cmath.hpp:21,
                 from /usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/include/boost/math/tools/config.hpp:19,
                 from /usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/include/boost/math/cstdfloat/cstdfloat_types.hpp:18,
                 from /usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/include/boost/cstdfloat.hpp:18,
                 from float128_example.cpp:19:
/usr/local/Cellar/gcc/11.1.0_1/include/c++/11.1.0/cmath:226:3: note: candidate: 'constexpr long double std::exp(long double)'
  226 | exp(long double __x)
      | ^~~
/usr/local/Cellar/gcc/11.1.0_1/include/c++/11.1.0/cmath:222:3: note: candidate: 'constexpr float std::exp(float)'
  222 | exp(float __x)
      | ^~~
The terminal process "zsh '-c', 'g++-11 -g -I/usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/include/ -I/usr/local/include/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/lib/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/gcc/11.1.0_1/lib/gcc/11/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/gmp/6.2.1/lib/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/mpfr/4.1.0/lib/ -std=gnu++20 -lmpfr -lgmp -lquadmath -lboost_system -lboost_filesystem '-fext-numeric-literals' float128_example.cpp -o main'" terminated with exit code: 1.

Compiling the following example:

#include <iomanip>
#include <iostream>
#include <boost/multiprecision/cpp_int.hpp>
#include <boost/multiprecision/cpp_bin_float.hpp>
#include <boost/multiprecision/float128.hpp>
#include <boost/math/special_functions/gamma.hpp>
#include <boost/multiprecision/cpp_dec_float.hpp>
#include <boost/math/constants/constants.hpp>

int main()
   using boost::multiprecision::float128;

   float128 b = 2;
   std::cout << std::numeric_limits<float128>::digits << std::endl;
   std::cout << std::numeric_limits<float128>::digits10 << std::endl;
   std::cout << std::setprecision(std::numeric_limits<float128>::max_digits10) << log(b) << std::endl;
   constexpr float128 pi = 3.1415926535897932384626433832795028841971693993751058Q;
   return 0;

I get:

> Executing task: g++-11 -g -I/usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/include/ -I/usr/local/include/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/lib/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/gcc/11.1.0_1/lib/gcc/11/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/gmp/6.2.1/lib/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/mpfr/4.1.0/lib/ -std=gnu++20 -lmpfr -lgmp -lquadmath -lboost_system -lboost_filesystem '-fext-numeric-literals' fs_main.cpp -o main <

Undefined symbols for architecture x86_64:
  "__Z17quadmath_snprintfPcmPKcz", referenced from:
      __ZNK5boost14multiprecision8backends16float128_backend3strB5cxx11ElSt13_Ios_Fmtflags in ccGxvsSR.o
  "__Z4logqg", referenced from:
      __ZN5boost14multiprecision8backends8eval_logERNS1_16float128_backendERKS2_ in ccGxvsSR.o
ld: symbol(s) not found for architecture x86_64
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
The terminal process "zsh '-c', 'g++-11 -g -I/usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/include/ -I/usr/local/include/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/boost/1.76.0/lib/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/gcc/11.1.0_1/lib/gcc/11/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/gmp/6.2.1/lib/ -L/usr/local/Cellar/mpfr/4.1.0/lib/ -std=gnu++20 -lmpfr -lgmp -lquadmath -lboost_system -lboost_filesystem '-fext-numeric-literals' fs_main.cpp -o main'" terminated with exit code: 1.

Note that if I compile the following example without using Boost I have no linking errors with quadmath:

#include <quadmath.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>

int print(const char *label, __float128 r) {
  int prec = 20;
  int width = 46;
  char buf[128];

  int n = quadmath_snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "%+-#*.36Qe", width, r);
  printf ("%s: %s\n", label, buf);
  return 0;

int main () {
  __float128 x = 3.14159265358979323846264338327950288q;
  print("value", x);
  print("log", logq(x));
  print("log10", log10q(x));
  print("cos", cosq(x));
  print("sin", sinq(x));
  print("sqrt", sqrtq(x));

Executing task: ./es1.out <

value: +3.141592653589793238462643383279502797e+00
log: +1.144729885849400174143427351353058656e+00
log10: +4.971498726941338543512682882908988723e-01
cos: -1.000000000000000000000000000000000000e+00
sin: +8.671810130123781024797044026043352254e-35
sqrt: +1.772453850905516027298167483341145140e+00

The settings are:

"tasks": [
        "label": "Build with g++ 11",
        "type": "shell",
        "command": "g++-11",
        "args": [
        "group": {
          "kind": "build",
          "isDefault": true
        "problemMatcher": []

> Il giorno 21 lug 2021, alle ore 13:08, John Maddock via Boost-users <boost-users_at_[hidden]> ha scritto:
> On 20/07/2021 18:44, Stefano Gragnani via Boost-users wrote:
>> Hi,
>> I'm having trouble compiling code that contains float128 data type.
>> I'm using MacOS Big Sur 11.4.
>> Compiler: gcc version 11.1.0 (Homebrew GCC 11.1.0_1)
>> I have no other problems with Boost, the only problem is when I use float128.
>> Please note that I have no problem compiling using libquadmath without using Boost using the __float128 data type.
>> I use Visual Studio Code:
> You can manually fix this by defining BOOST_HAS_FLOAT128 on the command line. However, you may still hit other errors as __float128 and quadmath.h aren't really fully supported in ISO C++ mode. The correct fix is to use -std=gnu++20, and then GNU extensions including __float128 are turned on.
> HTH, John.
> --
> This email has been checked for viruses by Avast antivirus software.
> _______________________________________________
> Boost-users mailing list
> Boost-users_at_[hidden]

Boost-users list run by williamkempf at, kalb at, bjorn.karlsson at, gregod at, wekempf at